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Core muscles are composed of the abdominal muscles, the lower back, and the thoracic and cervical region of the spine. These areas serve to provide stability, support, and a solid base for the rest of the body to function maximally.
Weak core muscles contribute to all kinds of problems in the body, the most prevalent of which is lower back pain. By strengthening the muscles that help support the spine and improve posture, you can dramatically decrease the symptoms of lower back pain.
The core, as it's known in strength training circles, consists of all the muscles in your abdominal and lower back areas. This includes all the abdominal muscles as well as the muscles associated with the spine and the hip flexors.
These muscles all work in harmony to provide stabilization for your body and to transfer power from the legs to the upper body and vice versa.