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In general, healthy people as old as 90 can reduce their tendency to fall by up to 50 percent through exercise and balance training. While bone fragility presents one challenge for older individuals, the corollary component of that risk is that most fractures occur due to a fall. A lack of strength and balance makes it more likely that an older person will fall and break a bone or injure a joint. It is possible for seniors to improve their muscle strength and balance to help prevent falls. Integrating balance training and functional training, developing core strength, and generally remaining active can help improve muscle strength, develop reaction time and increase mobility, and provide a better sense of balance and coordination. These benefits are also a foundation for increased physical activity, which can reduce bone loss by conserving remaining bone tissue, enhance general fitness, and reduce pain and risk of injury.
|Jennifer Mathes, Ph.D.|